Music is heard by people daily in many parts of the world, and affects people in various waysfrom emotion regulation to cognitive development, along with providing a means for self-expression.The field of Psychology of Music , which can be regarded as a branch of both Psychology and Musicology; is also known as Music Psychology. This branch aims to study, explain and understand the musical behavior and experience, including the processes through which music is perceived, created, responded to, and incorporated into everyday life.
Being primarily empirical, the modern Psychology of music is concerned with research in understanding the psychological processes involved in listening music, playing music, and composing and improvising music, using empirical, theoretical and computational methods. Along with studies on listening to music, performing, composition,memorising, analysing, education, criticism, and therapy; the field of research in Music Psychology also involves investigations of human attitude, skill, performance, intelligence, creativity, and social behavior. Thus, its knowledge tends to advance on the basis of interpretations of data collected by systematic observation of and interaction with human participants, through experiments, surveys or otherwise, with theoretical innovation. The highly interdisciplinary subject of the Psychology of Music, involves contributions from Psychologists, Musicologists and Computer scientists. Their research uses psychological theories and methods to interpret and understand musical sounds, musical behaviours, and the effects of music; encompassing experimental work on music perception and cognition, computer modelling of human musical capacities, the social psychology of music, emotion and meaning in music, psychological processes in music therapy, the developmental psychology of music, music and consciousness, music and embodiment, and the neuroscience of music.The psychological approaches to the study of music cognition in different cultures can benefit the field of Ethnomusicology. Thus, this field is directed at increasing the scientific understanding of any psychological aspect of music.- AD